cholic acid   

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 609

Abbreviated name: CA
Synonyms: cholate | Cholbam® | Kolbam® | Orphacol&Reg;
cholic acid is an approved drug (EMA (2013), FDA (2015))
Comment: Cholic acid is a primary bile acid. Along with chenodeoxycholic acid, it is one of the two major bile acids synthesized from cholesterol in the liver.
2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
Hydrogen bond acceptors 5
Hydrogen bond donors 4
Rotatable bonds 4
Topological polar surface area 97.99
Molecular weight 408.29
XLogP 4.09
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
SMILES / InChI / InChIKey
Canonical SMILES OC1CCC2(C(C1)CC(C1C2CC(O)C2(C1CCC2C(CCC(=O)O)C)C)O)C
Isomeric SMILES O[C@@H]1CC[C@]2([C@@H](C1)C[C@H]([C@@H]1[C@@H]2C[C@H](O)[C@]2([C@H]1CC[C@@H]2[C@@H](CCC(=O)O)C)C)O)C
InChI InChI=1S/C24H40O5/c1-13(4-7-21(28)29)16-5-6-17-22-18(12-20(27)24(16,17)3)23(2)9-8-15(25)10-14(23)11-19(22)26/h13-20,22,25-27H,4-12H2,1-3H3,(H,28,29)/t13-,14+,15-,16-,17+,18+,19-,20+,22+,23+,24-/m1/s1
InChI Key BHQCQFFYRZLCQQ-OELDTZBJSA-N
References
1. Craddock AL, Love MW, Daniel RW, Kirby LC, Walters HC, Wong MH, Dawson PA. (1998)
Expression and transport properties of the human ileal and renal sodium-dependent bile acid transporter.
Am. J. Physiol., 274 (1 Pt 1): G157-69. [PMID:9458785]
2. Kawamata Y, Fujii R, Hosoya M, Harada M, Yoshida H, Miwa M, Fukusumi S, Habata Y, Itoh T, Shintani Y, Hinuma S, Fujisawa Y, Fujino M. (2003)
A G protein-coupled receptor responsive to bile acids.
J Biol Chem., 278: 9435-9440. [PMID:12524422]
3. Maruyama T, Miyamoto Y, Nakamura T, Tamai Y, Okada H, Sugiyama E, Nakamura T, Itadani H, Tanaka K. (2002)
Identification of membrane-type receptor for bile acids (M-BAR).
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 298 (5): 714-9. [PMID:12419312]
4. Meier PJ, Eckhardt U, Schroeder A, Hagenbuch B, Stieger B. (1997)
Substrate specificity of sinusoidal bile acid and organic anion uptake systems in rat and human liver.
Hepatology, 26 (6): 1667-77. [PMID:9398014]
5. Parks DJ, Blanchard SG, Bledsoe RK, Chandra G, Consler TG, Kliewer SA, Stimmel JB, Willson TM, Zavacki AM, Moore DD, Lehmann JM. (1999)
Bile acids: natural ligands for an orphan nuclear receptor.
Science, 284 (5418): 1365-8. [PMID:10334993]
6. Wang H, Chen J, Hollister K, Sowers LC, Forman BM. (1999)
Endogenous bile acids are ligands for the nuclear receptor FXR/BAR.
Mol. Cell, 3 (5): 543-53. [PMID:10360171]