pilocarpine   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 305

Synonyms: pilocarpine hydrochloride | pilocarpine nitrate | pilokarpin | Salagen® | Vuity® (pilocarpine HCI ophthalmic solution)
Approved drug PDB Ligand
pilocarpine is an approved drug (FDA (1974))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Pilocarpine is a parasympathomimetic alkaloid type cholinergic drug, exerting its clinical effects via activation of muscarinic acetylcholine M3 receptors.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 3
Hydrogen bond donors 0
Rotatable bonds 3
Topological polar surface area 44.12
Molecular weight 208.12
XLogP 1.08
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
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Canonical SMILES CCC1C(=O)OCC1Cc1cncn1C
Isomeric SMILES CC[C@@H]1C(=O)OC[C@@H]1Cc1cncn1C
InChI InChI=1S/C11H16N2O2/c1-3-10-8(6-15-11(10)14)4-9-5-12-7-13(9)2/h5,7-8,10H,3-4,6H2,1-2H3/t8-,10-/m0/s1
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Summary of Clinical Use Click here for help
Used in the treatment of glaucoma, xerostomia (dry mouth) and presbyopia (age-related blurry near vision).
Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects Click here for help
Parasympathomimetic cholinergic agent, which increases secretion in by the exocrine glands, and when given topically to the eyes produces contraction of the iris sphincter muscle and ciliary muscle by stimulating muscarinic receptors.
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