thalidomide   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 7327

Synonyms: K-17
Approved drug Immunopharmacology Ligand
thalidomide is an approved drug (FDA (1998), EMA (2008))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Thalidomide is principally an immunomodulatory drug. It inhibits synthesis of TNFα. Mechanistically, thalidomide binds to cereblon, and this complex recruits substrate proteins for degradation by the ubiquitin system. The lymphoid transcription factors Ikaros (IKZF1) and Aiolos (IKZF3) have been identified as substrates for thalidomide-bound cereblon. More recently another transcription factor, PLZF (ZBTB16), has been reported as a potential thalidomide/cereblon substrate [7]. Knockdown of Plfz induces skeletal abnormalities in chicken limbs, so thalidomide-targeted degradation of PLZF would be predicted to exhibit similar teratogenic effects.

SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: Thalidomide + low-dose glucocorticoid is being evaluated for efficacy in severe COVID-19 pneumonia (preprint available here An alternative approach is examining the combination of thalidomide + celecoxib (which targets NF-κB to suppress production of inflammatory cytokines; see preprint DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.26979.91689).
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 6
Hydrogen bond donors 1
Rotatable bonds 1
Topological polar surface area 87.04
Molecular weight 258.06
XLogP 0.92
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
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Canonical SMILES OC1=NC(=O)C(CC1)N1C(=O)c2c(C1=O)cccc2
Isomeric SMILES OC1=NC(=O)C(CC1)N1C(=O)c2c(C1=O)cccc2
InChI InChI=1S/C13H10N2O4/c16-10-6-5-9(11(17)14-10)15-12(18)7-3-1-2-4-8(7)13(15)19/h1-4,9H,5-6H2,(H,14,16,17)
Classification Click here for help
Compound class Synthetic organic
Ligand families/groups PROTACs, molecular glues and other degraders
Approved drug? Yes (FDA (1998), EMA (2008))
WHO Essential Medicine WHO Essential Medicines List (EML) (23rd List, 2023). Access PDF version.
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IUPAC Name Click here for help
International Nonproprietary Names Click here for help
INN number INN
762 thalidomide
Synonyms Click here for help
Database Links Click here for help
Specialist databases
Reactome Drug Reactome logo R-ALL-9681254
Reactome Reaction Reactome logo R-HSA-9681169
Other databases
CAS Registry No. 50-35-1
DrugBank Ligand DB01041
DrugCentral Ligand 2616
GtoPdb PubChem SID 178103899
Immunopaedia Search thalidomide
PubChem CID 5426
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Wikipedia Thalidomide

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Thalidomide (links to external site)
Cat. No. 0652