Nilotinib is a Type-2 kinase inhibitor and was first approved by the FDA in 2007.
Preclinical studies in rodent Parkinson's disease models suggest that nilotinib has some potential to promote autophagic degradation of α-synuclein [4-6
], a brain protein whose accumulation and aggregation contributes to the formation of toxic insoluble fibrils which cause pathological changes such as neuronal loss in Parkinson's disease and other synucleinopathies. This mechanism has been evaluated in a pilot, proof-of-concept and safety clinical trial in a small number of patients with Parkinson's disease- and diffuse Lewy body disease-associated cognitive impairment (see NCT02281474
; note that this trial is not placebo controlled or blinded).
View more information in the IUPHAR Pharmacology Education Project: nilotinib