complement C5   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 8712

Immunopharmacology Ligand
Comment: This is the full length, pre-pro-protein structure as represented in NCBI Reference Sequence: NP_001726. This peptide is cleaved into the complement C5 beta chain, complement C5 alpha chain and C5a anaphylatoxin (see the UniProt entry for the human protein P01031).

C5 inhibition is a clinically validated mechanism that is utilised for the control and suppression of complement-induced hemolysis in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). Eculizumab is a clinically approved anti-C5 monoclonal antibody for PNH. Investigational Phase 1/2 anti-C5 monoclonal RG6101 (SKY59 [4]; IMGT 783) was granted FDA orphan drug designation in September 2017 for the treatment of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). Ra Pharmaceuticals is developing a C5 binding synthetic 15-amino-acid macrocyclic peptide (designated research code RA101495; Phase 2) for PNH and other complement-mediated illnesses. RA101495 was granted FDA orphan drug designation for PNH in July 2017. RA101495 binds to a site on C5 distinct from the eculizumab binding site, with the aim of overcoming eculizumab resistance, such as that observed in patients with the Arg885His C5 variant [6] (note that RA101495 is also effective against this variant [4]). It is also designed for subcutaneous self-administration, which would be more convenient for patients, who must be given eculizumab by i.v. infusion by a healthcare professional.

SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: Clinically approved and investigation candidates that target C5 are being evaluated in a number of clinical trials to determine their potential to combat complement-mediated inflammatory tissue damage in the organs of pateints with severe COVID-19.
Species: Human
Classification Click here for help
Compound class Endogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat
Ligand families/groups Complement components and ligands
Gene/Precursor Click here for help
Gene symbol Gene name Species Precursor protein name Synonyms
C5 complement C5 Human prepro-C5 complement component 5, CPAMD4
Database Links Click here for help
Ensembl Gene ENSG00000106804 (Hs)
Entrez Gene 727 (Hs)
GtoPdb PubChem SID 252827370
Human Protein Atlas ENSG00000106804 (Hs)
UniProtKB P01031 (Hs)