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Urate transporter C

Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).


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URAT1, a member of the OAT (organic anion transporter) family, is an anion-exchanging uptake transporter localized to the apical (brush border) membrane of renal proximal tubular cells. It is an anion exchanger that specifically reabsorbs uric acid from the proximal tubule in exchange for monovalent anions such as lactate, nicotinoate, acetoacetate, and hydroxybutyrate [2].


Targets of relevance to immunopharmacology are highlighted in blue

URAT1 (Urate anion exchanger 1 / SLC22A12) C Show summary » More detailed page

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NC-IUPHAR subcommittee and family contributors

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How to cite this family page

Database page citation (select format):

Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:

Alexander SPH, Kelly E, Marrion NV, Peters JA, Faccenda E, Harding SD, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Southan C, Davies JA; CGTP Collaborators. (2017) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18: Transporters. Br J Pharmacol. 174 Suppl 1: S360-S446.