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Sodium myo-inositol cotransporter transporters C

Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).

Overview

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Three different mammalian myo-inositol cotransporters are currently known; two are the Na+-coupled SMIT1 and SMIT2 tabulated below and the third is proton-coupled HMIT (SLC2A13). SMIT1 and SMIT2 have a widespread and overlapping tissue location but in polarized cells, such as the Madin-Darby canine kidney cell line, they segregate to the basolateral and apical membranes, respectively [2]. In the nephron, SMIT1 mediates myo-inositol uptake as a ‘compatible osmolyte’ when inner medullary tubules are exposed to increases in extracellular osmolality, whilst SMIT2 mediates the reabsorption of myo-inositol from the filtrate. In some species (e.g. rat, but not rabbit) apically located SMIT2 is responsible for the uptake of myo-inositol from the intestinal lumen [1].

Transporters

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Targets of relevance to immunopharmacology are highlighted in blue

SMIT1 (SMIT / SLC5A3) C Show summary »

SMIT2 (SGLT6 / SLC5A11) C Show summary »

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References

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How to cite this family page

Database page citation:

Sodium myo-inositol cotransporter transporters. Accessed on 06/07/2022. IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY, http://www.guidetopharmacology.org/GRAC/FamilyDisplayForward?familyId=175.

Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:

Alexander SP, Kelly E, Mathie A, Peters JA, Veale EL et al. (2021) THE CONCISE GUIDE TO PHARMACOLOGY 2021/22: Transporters. Br J Pharmacol. 178 Suppl 1:S412-S513.